This book focuses on the current clinical practice, outcome and the future development of Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) in surgical settings. A major objective of this work is to address “What is the optimal design and fixation of the implants we use for knee arthroplasty reconstruction? What are the gold standards? and, Can we do better?”. In an attempt to throw light on these questions, the authors evaluate data from clinical studies and assess various factors which may influence the long term outcome of TKA. Many variables such as age, severity, implant design and surgical techniques for appropriate component placement and soft tissue balancing are explored in great detail by expert surgeons in the field. Total Knee Arthroplasty: Long Term Outcomes will be a useful resource for recently qualified surgeons in search of an introduction to this topic and for more experienced surgeons seeking an in-depth critical review of current practices in TKA.